Inequalities of Time in Paid and Unpaid Work 

In recent decades industrialized societies are becoming more unequal in terms of income and wealth. In this seminar we will analyse another dimension of inequality: the inequality of time and its intersection with different dimensions of paid and unpaid work. We will focus on underworking, overworking, non-standard schedules, unpredictable work time schedules, parental leaves and differences in time investments to childcare and housework. During the course we will introduce theoretical foundations from different perspectives (i.e., sociology, demography, economics, psychology, anthropology) to understand the dynamics of work and time-use, and why and how gender and class inequalities emerge in both spheres. Empirical examples of Germany and other rich democracies will be used and discussed. We will address a number of questions like: Why do we find unequal devotions of time to paid and unpaid work by gender and class? How does time spent in paid and unpaid work has change over time? How do gender and class inequalities shape employment and family patterns, outcomes and experiences? How do configurations of time devoted to different dimensions of work vary across countries and contexts?